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Escritor e crítico Christopher Hitchens morre aos 62 anos: diferenças entre revisões

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{{date|Decemberinfotabela 16,Reino 2011Unido}}
[[File:Christopher Hitchens.jpg|thumb|left|220px|Christopher Hitchens speakingfalando inem 2007 atna conferência The Amazing Meeting 5 (TAM5) conference inem Las Vegas., {{image|ensceptico}}Estados Unidos.]]
{{data|17 de dezembro de 2011}}[[UKw:Grã-Bretanha|BritishBritânico]]-born authorpor nascimento, journalisto andjornalista, politicalescritor commentatore [[comentarista político {{w|Christopher Hitchens]]}} hasmorreu diedontem yesterday agedaos 62 atanos theno MD Anderson Cancer Center, inem [[{{w|Houston]]}}, [[{{w|Texas]]}}, followingseguido do diagnóstico ade diagnosiscâncer ofde esophagealesôfago cancerem inJunho Junede 2010.
 
Hitchens wasnasceu born inem 1949 inem {{w|Portsmouth}}, Grã-Bretanha, no {{w|Reino Unido}}. AfterDepois graduatingde fromse formar a partir de {{w|Oxford}} withcom aum third-classgrau de terceira degreeclasse inna politicspolítica, philosophyfilosofia ande economicseconomia inem 1970, Hitchens wroteescreveu forbrevemente theno {{w|Times Higher Educational Supplement}} briefly, beforeantes movingde onpassar topara theo {{w|New Statesman}}, where heonde metconheceu theo novelistescritor {{w|Martin Amis}}. AfterDepois movingde tose themudar Unitedpara Statesos in{{w|Estados Unidos}} em 1981, heele startedcomeçou writinga forescrever U.S.-basedpublicações para publicationsamericanos likecomo {{w|Vanity Fair (magazinerevista)|Vanity Fair}}, {{w|The Atlantic}} ande {{w|Slate (magazine)|Slate}}.
 
InEm moreanos recentmais yearsrecentes, Hitchens sidedlado withde [[{{w|George W. Bush]]}} indeu supportingapoio theà warguerra inno Iraq,{{w|Iraque}} ande alsotambém wentpassou ona toescrever write aum polemicallivro bookpolêmico onsobre religionreligião, ''{{w|God Is Not Great}}'' (Deus Não É Grande), followingseguindo aum themetema apparentaparente inem hisseus earlieresforços debunkinganteriores effortspara towardsdesbancar a {{w|MotherMadre Teresa}} "auma fanaticfanática, auma fundamentalist,fundamentalista ande auma fraudfraude", de accordingacordo tocom Hitchens. TheA deathmorte ofde {{w|Jerry Falwell}}, raisedem Hitchens' ire2007, statinglevantou thata itira isHitchens, "aafirmando shameque thaté there"uma isvergonha noque hellnão forhá inferno para Falwell topara goir toagora" ande callingpor himter achamando ele de "faith-basedfraude baseada na fraud".
 
InEm hissuas memoirsmemórias, ''{{w|Hitch-22}}'', heele wroteescreveu ofde aum encontro sexual encountercom with twodois (unnamedsem nome) malemembros membersmasculinos da gabinete da ex-primeira-ministra ofinglesa {{w|Margaret Thatcher|Margaret Thatcher's}} cabinet(1979-1990). Hitchens wasé well-knownbem forconhecido hispor drinkingseu andhábito smokingde habitsfumar e beber, consumingconsumindo 50,.000 cigarettescigarros apor yearano, accordingde toacordo onecom report,relatório ande drinkingbeber enougho everysuficiente daytodos os dias "topara stunatordoar thea averagemula mulemédia" (accordingde toacordo com Hitchens himselfele mesmo). TheA discoverydescoberta ofdo cancercâncer lastno yearano waspassado foi, accordingde acordo tocom Hitchens, "somethingalgo sotão predictableprevisível ande banal thatque itme boresaborrece even memesmo".
 
{{w|Salman Rushdie}}, whoma quem Hitchens hadtinha supportedapoiado againstcontra Ayatollah Khomeini'sa fatwa do Aiatolá Khomeini, wroteescreveu onno {{w|Twitter}} followingapós Hitchens'a deathmorte de Hitchens: "Goodbye, my beloved friend. A great voice falls silent. A great heart stops." (''"Adeus, meu amigo amado. A grande voz cai'' [no] ''silêncio. Um grande coração parou."'').
 
Hitchens wasnão notestava closeperto tode hisseu brotherirmão {{w|Peter Hitchens}}, aum conservativecolunista columnistconservador. HeEle isdeixa survived by wifeesposa Carol Blue, daughtera filha Antonia, ande twoduas childrencrianças AlexanderAlexandre ande Sophia fromde anum earliercasamento marriageanterior.
 
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== Related stories ==
* {{wikinews|title=Tony Blair debates religion with Christopher Hitchens in Canada|date=November 30, 2010}}
 
== SourcesFontes ==
{{Tradução|1=en|2=Author and contrarian Christopher Hitchens dies at age 62|3=134295|4=16 de dezembro de 2011}}
* {{source|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/dec/16/christopher-hitchens-dies-aged-62?intcmp=122
* {{fonte|idioma=en|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-16212418|título=Christopher Hitchens dies after battle with cancer|pub=BBC News|título=Christopher Hitchens dies at 62 after suffering cancer|autor=|data=16 de Dezembro de 2011}}
|title=Christopher Hitchens dies aged 62
* {{sourceFonte|idioma=en|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/8960582/Christopher-Hitchens-a-noble-contrarian.html|título=Christopher Hitchens: a noble contrarian|autor=Nicholas Shakespeare|pub=Daily Telegraph|data=16 de Dezembro de 2011}}
|pub=The Guardian
* {{sourceFonte|idioma=en|url=http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5h1o4H3ysrh-iqi0otJbTTK2uqlhw?docId=CNG.3d0bcbb75a3feaf9a8f298362375c930.3c1|título=British writer Christopher Hitchens dead at 62|autor=Arthur MacMillan|pub=AFP|data=16 de Dezembro de 2011}}
|author=Richard Lea
* {{sourceFonte|idioma=en|url=http://www.vanityfair.com/online/daily/2011/12/In-Memoriam-Christopher-Hitchens-19492011|título=In Memoriam: Christopher Hitchens, 1949–2011|autor=Juli Weiner|pub=Vanity Fair|data=15 de Dezembro de 2011}}
|date=December 16, 2011
*{{Fonte|idioma=en|url=http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/christopher-hitchens/graydon-201112|título=Christopher Hitchens, 1949–2011: In Memoriam|autor=Grayon Carter|pub=Vanity Fair|data=15 de Dezembro de 2011}}
}}
* {{sourceFonte|idioma=en|url=http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/fighting_words/2007/05/faithbased_fraud.html|título=Faith-Based Fraud|autor=Christopher Hitchens|pub=Slate|data= 16 de maio de 2007}}
* {{source|url=http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/celebrity/christopher-hitchens-dead-20111216-1oyc4.html
|title=Christopher Hitchens dead
|pub=Sydney Morning Herald
|author=James Robertson
|date=December 16, 2011
}}
* {{source|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-16212418
|title=Christopher Hitchens dies after battle with cancer
|pub=BBC News
|date=December 16, 2011
}}
* {{source|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/8960582/Christopher-Hitchens-a-noble-contrarian.html
|title=Christopher Hitchens: a noble contrarian
|author=Nicholas Shakespeare
|pub=Daily Telegraph
|date=December 16, 2011
}}
* {{source|url=http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5h1o4H3ysrh-iqi0otJbTTK2uqlhw?docId=CNG.3d0bcbb75a3feaf9a8f298362375c930.3c1
|title=British writer Christopher Hitchens dead at 62
|pub=AFP
|author=Arthur MacMillan
|date=December 16, 2011
}}
* {{source|url=http://www.vanityfair.com/online/daily/2011/12/In-Memoriam-Christopher-Hitchens-19492011
|title=In Memoriam: Christopher Hitchens, 1949–2011
|pub=Vanity Fair
|author=Juli Weiner
|date=December 15, 2011
}}
* {{source|url=http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/christopher-hitchens/graydon-201112
|title=Christopher Hitchens, 1949–2011: In Memoriam
|pub=Vanity Fair
|author=Grayon Carter
|date=December 15, 2011
}}
* {{source|url=http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/fighting_words/2007/05/faithbased_fraud.html
|title=Faith-Based Fraud
|author=Christopher Hitchens
|pub=Slate
|date=May 16, 2007
}}
* {{source|url=http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/fighting_words/2003/10/mommie_dearest.html
|title=Mommie Dearest
|author=Christopher Hitchens
|pub=Slate
|date=October 20, 2003
}}
 
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